Mar. 30, 2014 3:59pm Dave Urbanski
Story by the Associated Press; curated by Dave Urbanski
LA HABRA, Calif. (AP) — Experts say a bigger earthquake along the lesser-known fault that gave Southern California a moderate shake could do more damage to the region than the long-dreaded “Big One” from the more famous San Andreas Fault.
The Puente Hills thrust fault, which brought Friday night’s magnitude-5.1 quake centered in La Habra and well over 100 aftershocks by Sunday, stretches from northern Orange County under downtown Los Angeles into Hollywood — a heavily populated swath of the Los Angeles area.
A magnitude-7.5 earthquake along that fault could prove more catastrophic than one along the San Andreas, which runs along the outskirts of metropolitan Southern California, seismologists told the Los Angeles Times.
The U.S. Geological Survey estimates that such a quake along the Puente Hills fault could kill 3,000 to 18,000 people and cause up to $250 billion in damage. In contrast, a larger magnitude 8 quake along the San Andreas would cause an estimated 1,800 deaths.
The shaking from a 7.5 quake in the center of urban Los Angeles could be so intense it would lift heavy objects in the air, like the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake in Northern California, where the shaking was so bad “we found an upside-down grand piano,” USGS seismologist Lucy Jones told the Times.
That would “hit all of downtown,” Jones said. “And everywhere from La Habra to Hollywood.”
If you’re wondering how much larger in practical terms a 7.5 quake is compared to a 5.1 quake, the USGS’s earthquake calculator describes the differences in terms of magnitude size and energy release: A 7.5 quake is 251 times bigger in magnitude than a 5.1 quake — but 3,981 times stronger in terms of energy release.